Glossary – S

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S

Sale-Leaseback
An arrangement whereby equipment is purchased by a lessor from the company owning and using it. The lessor then becomes the owner and leases it back to the original owner, who continues to use the equipment.

Sales-Type Lease
A lease by a lessor who is the manufacturer or dealer, in which the lessee meets the definitional criteria of a capital lease or direct financing lease.

Satisfaction of Mortgage
The document issued by the mortgagee when the mortgage loan is paid in full. Also called a “release of mortgage.”

Savings & Loan
A federally or state chartered financial institution that takes deposits from individuals, funds mortgages, and pays dividends.

Seasonal loan
A loan made for the purpose of meeting predictable and periodic funding needs, such as funding of camping gear inventory before summer purchases.

Second Mortgage
A mortgage made subsequent to another mortgage and subordinate to the first one.

Secondary Mortgage Market
The place where primary mortgage lenders sell the mortgages they make to obtain more funds to originate more new loans. It provides liquidity for the lenders.

Security
The property that will be pledged as collateral for a loan.

Seller Carry-back
An agreement in which the owner of a property provides financing, often in combination with an assumable mortgage. See owner financing.

Servicer
An organization that collects principal and interest payments from borrowers and manages borrowers’ escrow accounts. The servicer often services mortgages that have been purchased by an investor in the secondary mortgage market.

Servicing
All the steps and operations a lender performs to keep a loan in good standing, such as collection of payments, payment of taxes, insurance, property inspections and the like.

Settlement/Settlement Costs
See Closing/Closing Costs

Shared Appreciation Mortgage (SAM)
A mortgage in which a borrower receives a below-market interest rate in return for which the lender (or another investor such as a family member or other partner) receives a portion of the future appreciation in the value of the property. May also apply to mortgage where the borrowers shares the monthly principal and interest payments with another party in exchange for part of the appreciation.

Simple Interest
Interest which is computed only on the principle balance.

Single Investor Lease
A tax-oriented lease whereby the lessor achieves its desired rate of return via a combination of the rental payments, depreciation, and the fair market value of the equipment at the end of the original lease term. Because of the value of the tax benefit, the rental payments will be lower than for a finance lease.

Small Business Administration (SBA)
Federal agency created in 1953 to provide management and financial assistance to small businesses. Mainly, the SBA guarantees loans through financial institutions. The loans may be used for working capital, machinery and equipment acquisition of real estate, and expansion.

Sole proprietorship
A type of business where the owner has full control and unlimited liability. A sole proprietorship is taxed at the personal income tax rate.

Standard Payment Calculation
The method used to determine the monthly payment required to repay the remaining balance of a mortgage in substantially equal installments over the remaining term of the mortgage at the current interest rate.

Standby Commitment
A formal offer by a lender making explicit the terms under which it agrees to lend money to a borrower over a certain period of time.

Step-Rate Mortgage
A mortgage that allows for the interest rate to increase according to a specified schedule (i.e., seven years), resulting in increased payments as well. At the end of the specified period, the rate and payments will remain constant for the remainder of the loan.

Survey
A measurement of land, prepared by a registered land surveyor, showing the location of the land with reference to known points, its dimensions, and the location and dimensions of any buildings.

Sweat Equity
Equity created by a purchaser performing work on a property being purchased.